[CI] Extract the CI build facitilties to it's own script and source it
This is a step toward splitting the build-configurations.sh into
separated scripts that can be individually configured.
This is move only, no change in behavior.
Note: shellcheck needs to be told how to search for the sourced file
in order to parse it.
Test Plan: Run any CI build plan.
Reviewers: #bitcoin_abc, deadalnix
Reviewed By: #bitcoin_abc, deadalnix
Differential Revision: https://reviews.bitcoinabc.org/D6701