[CMAKE] Fix static linkage when building for Windows
The -static flag is obviously a linker flag and not a compilation
flag. It used to work due to the CMAKE_<C|CXX>_FLAGS being passed at
link time, hiding the initial issue. The bug is revealed by D4947: while
the cross build still succeed, it is no longer static.
Run the Gitian build for Windows. Run the bitcoin-qt.exe executable
and check it runs and does not complain about missing DLLs.
Reviewers: #bitcoin_abc, deadalnix
Reviewed By: #bitcoin_abc, deadalnix
Differential Revision: https://reviews.bitcoinabc.org/D5023